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The Earned Income Credit (EIC) is a tax credit for certain people who work and have earned income below a specific amount. This credit may give you a refund even if you do not owe any tax. In order to claim this credit, you must file an income tax return and qualify by meeting certain rules.

Taxable Income is any income that is subject to tax. It must be reported on a tax return, unless the amount is so small that you are not required to file a return. The following types of income are taxable:

  • Wages, salaries, bonuses, and commissions

  • Tips and other compensation for personal services

  • Interest/Dividends (unless tax-exempt)

  • Alimony received or separate maintenance payments received

  • Recoveries of items deducted in prior year(s)

  • Business income

  • Hobby income (a hobby loss is not deductible)

  • Capital gains

  • Gain from the sale of property

  • Pensions and annuities (part may be nontaxable)

  • IRA distributions (part or all may be nontaxable)

  • Rents received

  • Royalties

  • Estate, trust or K-1 income

  • Unemployment compensation

  • Railroad retirement benefits (part may be taxable)

  • Social security benefits (part may be taxable)

  • Jury duty pay

  • Executors' fees

  • Gambling winnings (including lotteries, contests, raffles, etc.)

  • Non qualifying scholarships and fellowships

  • Payments for punitive damages and compensatory damages not attributable to physical injuries or sickness.

  • Bartering income

  • Some cancelled debts

  • Foster care payments

  • Military pensions

  • Nontaxable Income is income that is exempt from tax. If a return must be filed, some types of nontaxable income will be shown on your return but will not be added into the amount of income subject to tax. The following types of income are nontaxable:

  • Child support

  • Gifts, bequests and inheritances (may be subject to other taxes)

  • Life insurance proceeds

  • Certain veteran's benefits

  • Buildup of cash or loan value of life insurance

  • Insurance reimbursement of medical expenses not previously deducted

  • Most life insurance proceeds paid upon death

  • Public assistance payments

  • Workers' compensation

  • Dividends on veteran's life insurance loans

  • Compensatory damages for personal physical injury or physical illness

  • SSI payments

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